Commercial deployment of CCS technology
Sub-scale commercial demonstration projects are being developed in the US and Europe and the Boundary Dam PCC plant is under construction. The initial integrated full scale commercial sized CCS coal based demonstration projects will only proceed with significant government support. The Kemper Countyplant is currently the only full scale CCS plant that is fully funded and in construction. While integrated commercial CCS demonstration projects are clearly a pre-requisite, full scale commercial deployment will only proceed is there is a value attributable to the reduction of CO2 emissions (or possible sale) and that CCS is found to be a competitive abatement choice.
It can be noted that some pre combustion and post combustion capture industrial projects have been able to proceed because of the value attributable to the sale of the CO2 for EOR.