5.1 General

  • The Global CCS Institute survey of CCS projects as at 31 March 2009 identified 499 activities. Activities intended to produce advancement in components, systems and processes which will support the commercialisation of integrated CCS solutions in either power generation or industrial applications with emissions greater than 25,000 metric tons per year of CO2 were considered as viable CCS projects. By applying this approach 275 projects were identified and formed the basis of the analysis.
  • Of the 275 projects, 213 are active or planned. Of these, 101 projects are considered commercial scale. This commercial scale sub set is a large percentage of the total which at a superficial level would suggest that CCS was a mature technology approaching commercial deployment. This is not the general perception of CCS.
  • The even distribution of non integrated CCS projects across the project lifecycle stages indicates that the individual components of CCS are reasonably well developed. The integration of the CCS components is not well proven across coal fired power generation and other potential applications of CCS such as aluminium, steel and cement production.
  • The significant amount of commercial scale activity is being influenced by current funding schemes. Most, if not all, of these projects will have many challenges to overcome as they progress through the asset lifecycle.