List of acronyms

AC Alternating Current
ADES Association pour le Developpement de l’Energie Solaire
AEMO Australian Energy Market Operator
AGC Automatic Generation Control
Ah Amp-hour
APF Absorbing Power Factor
AS Australian Standard
ASI Australian Solar Institute
AWEFS Australian Wind Energy Forecasting System
BAPV Building Applied Photovoltaics
BIPV Building Integrated Photovoltaics
BOM Bureau of Meteorology
CAISO California Independent System Operator
CAT Centre for Appropriate Technology
CCS Carbon Capture and Storage
CDF Cumulative Distribution Function
CECRE Control Centre of Renewable Energies
CECRE Clean Energy Council
CF Capacity Factor
CIGS Copper indium gallium di-selenide
CSI RD&D California Solar Institute Research, Development, Deployment and Demonstration
CSIRO Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation
CSP Concentrating Solar Power
CST Concentrating Solar Thermal
CSU Colorado State University
DC Direct current
DFT Discrete Fourier Transform
DG Distributed Generation
DKA Desert Knowledge Australia
DKASC Desert Knowledge Australia Solar Centre
DNSP Distribution Network Service Provider
DSM Demand-Side Management
DSO Distributed System Operator
DSO Distribution System Operators
ED Economic Dispatch
EDP Energias de Portugal
EMS Energy Management System
ENA Energy Networks Association
ERCOT Electric Reliability Council of Texas
ESAA Energy Supply Association of Australia
ESM Energy Sector Model
EU European Union
EV Electric Vehicle
FCAS Frequency Control Ancillary Services
FFT Fast Fourier Transform
FNN Forum for Network Technology / Network Operation
FRV Fotowatio Research Ventures
GUI Graphical User Interface
GW Gigawatts
GWh Gigawatt-hour
HELCO Hawaii Electric Light Company
HIT Heterojunction with Intrinsic Thin Layer
HP-IRG High Penetration Intermittent Renewable Generation
Hrs Hours
HTF Heat Transfer Fluid
IEA International Energy Agency
IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
IRG Intermittent Renewable Generation
km Kilometers
kVA Kilovolt-amp
kVar Kilovolt-amp reactive
kW Kilowatts
kWh Kilowatt-hour
kWp Kilowatts peak
LFC Load Frequency Control
LS-PV Large-Scale Photovoltaics
LTC Load Tap Changing
LV Low Voltage
MBTU Kilo-British Thermal Unit
METI Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry
MJ Megajoule
MV Medium Voltage
MVA Megavolt-amps
MW Megawatts
MWh Megawatt-hour
MWp Megawatts peak
NEDO New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organisation
NEM National Electricity Market / Net Energy Metering
NER National Electricity Rules
NERC North American Electric Reliability Corporation
NREL National Renewable Energy Laboratory
NSW New South Wales
NT Northern Territory
NWIS North-West Interconnected System
NYISO New York Independent System Operator
OECD Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development
PCC Point of common coupling
PCS Power Control System
PEPCO Potomac Electric Power Company
POI Point of interface
PSH Pumped Storage Hydro
PSSE Power System Simulator for Engineering
PV Photovoltaic
PVPS Photovoltaic Power Systems
RES Renewable Energy Sources
RET Department of Resources, Energy and Tourism
ROCOF Rate of change of frequency
s second
SAIFI System Average Interruption Frequency Index
SCADA Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition
SEGS Solar Energy Generating Systems
SRRL Solar Radiation Research Laboratory
SWIS South-West Interconnected System
TES Thermal Energy Storage
THD Total Harmonic Distortion
TNSP Transmission Network Service Provider
TOU Time-of-use
TSO Transmission System Operators
UCL Unserved Critical Load
UQ University of Queensland
USA United States of America
V Volt
Var Volt-Amp Reactive
VDE Association for Electrical, Electronic and Information Technologies
VG Variable Generation
VRLA Valve-regulated lead-acid
W Watts
WA Western Australia
WECC Western Electricity Coordinating Council
Wh Watt-hour