9. Artenay, France

Stage: EVALUATE

Operation start up: TBD

Capacity: 45 000 tonnes/year

Capture Facility: Ethanol production

Capture Type: High purity source

Transport Type: Pipeline

Storage Type: Saline aquifer

The sugar beet refinery in Artenay, outside Orléans in France, has been thoroughly evaluated for the implementation of BECCS by members from the Université d’Orleans, BRGM (public institution for geosciences including the French Geological Survey), as well as by the CCS engineering services company GeoGreen. The refinery produces alcohol for beverages, pharmaceutics and other industrial purposes. CO2 is produced in a high purity stream as a by-product of the refinery’s fermentation process, and can be stored in the underlying geological formations of the Paris Basin.

Both technical and financial parameters have been evaluated for the proposed Artenay BECCS system. One finding is that the cost of storage per tonne is relatively high for smaller scale BECCS projects, as drilling and well construction tend to benefit considerably from economies of scale. On the other hand, it is expected that BECCS radically will reduce the carbon footprint of the chemicals produced at the plant.