8. North Dakota, United States

Stage: EVALUATE

Operation start up: 2012

Capacity: 1 - 5 000 tonnes/year

Capture Facility: Gasification

Capture Type: High purity source

Transport Type: Pipeline

Storage Type: Saline aquifer

A small scale BECCS pilot is being evaluated by the Swedish firm Biorecro in cooperation with the Energy and Environmental Research Centre at the University of North Dakota, in the US. The pilot will combine an existing CO2 storage well that was drilled as a part of the Plains CO2 Reduction Partnership program, with a next generation gasification unit for biomass. Gasification technologies are still in an early stage of commercialization, but are expected to become more widely deployed as the technology matures. One benefit of gasification is that this process simplifies the capture of CO2 when compared with most conventional combustion systems. The pilot will provide an example of the types of conversion and combustion systems which are forecasted (intended) to be applied in future BECCS systems.

Figure 20 Biomass gasification unit. Photo: The Energy and Environmental Research Center at the University of North Dakota