5. Decatur, Illinois, United States

Stage: EXECUTE

Operating: 2011 - 2015

Capacity: 3 600 000 tonnes in total

Capture Facility: Ethanol production

Capture Type: High purity source

Transport Type: Pipeline

Storage Type: Saline aquifer

To the east of Kansas in the United States, in the state of Illinois, the partners of the Midwest Geologic Sequestration Consortium (MGSC) are preparing for a large scale demonstration of CO2 geological storage, as part of the NETL and US Department of Energy’s Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership program. The MGSC is a research effort to determine the suitability of large scale CO2 injection into the Mount Simon sandstone formation, and involves more than 40 academy, industry and NGO partners. The project is divided into two phases and is funded through two contracts that together have been awarded 166 million USD by the US Department of Energy. When including a cost sharing portion from industry partners, the overall budget is over 200 million USD.

Starting in 2011, 3 600 000 tonnes of CO2 are to be injected into the Mount Simon sandstone at a depth of 2 000 meters before the projects ends in 2015. The peak rate of injection will be 1 000 000 tonnes per year, which implies that this BECCS project may be considered a large scale demonstration also in comparison with large scale coal power plant CCS demonstration projects. The project will not involve EOR, as it is solely conducted to test CO2 storage.