1 Introduction

The objectives of this regional assessment of the potential for CO2 storage in the Indian subcontinent are to:

  1. Identify and characterise all the major current and planned large industrial CO2 sources in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka, including those under construction.
  2. Update the IEAGHG R&D Programme’s CO2 sources database.
  3. Identify and rank sedimentary basins in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka in terms of their geological CO2 storage potential.
  4. Identify, where possible, the CO2 storage capacity in saline water-bearing sedimentary rocks (saline aquifers), oil and gas fields and coal seams.
  5. Produce flow sheets identifying the local costs of the main elements of the CO2 capture and storage chain, such that the information in 1-5 could be combined to produce marginal CO2 abatement cost curves in a future project.
  6. Produce a geological CO2 storage potential GIS of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka, incorporating the information obtained in steps 1-4 above.

These CO2 sources and storage potential of the four countries are considered individually in the following four chapters.