Executive summary

Two capacity building workshops on Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) were held: in Hanoi, Viet Nam, in December 2011, and in Mexico City, Mexico, in June 2012, as part of the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation's (APEC) ongoing series of CCS capacity building workshops in developing APEC economies.

The December 2011 workshop in Viet Nam was held jointly with the Asian Development Bank (ADB), because the ADB was working closely with the governments and national experts in Southeast Asian economies, including Viet Nam, on a Regional Technical Assistance (RETA) program on CCS. By holding a joint workshop with the ADB, the APEC team aimed to maximize the synergies between its capacity building activities and the ADB's RETA program. The ADB was responsible for the meeting venue and local logistics, whereas the APEC team, comprising ICF International (APEC Consultant) and the APEC Project Overseer, was responsible for the workshop program and contents, the course materials and workshop handouts, and for engaging the international experts. Both parties were involved in preparing the lists of participants.

Prior to the Viet Nam workshop, ICF reviewed, edited and updated the existing APEC CCS Training Modules by adding additional material and updating references, based on input from the Project Overseer.

The Viet Nam workshop was moderated and facilitated by ICF. The first day of the workshop covered more general CCS topics, including technical, legal, regulatory and community outreach issues, whereas the second day of the workshop was more focused on aspects resulting from the ADB RETA study on Viet Nam. Invited international experts and the ADB consultants gave presentations and were available to answer questions throughout the workshop.

The joint workshop was successful and there was a good mix of government and industry representatives, with nearly all of the participants coming from Hanoi. Participants rated nearly all sessions highly, and there was interest in having more workshops, particularly focused on CO2 use and on gas processing. Some suggested that the workshops should provide more detailed information, particularly on enhanced oil recovery (EOR), financing and public awareness. Most of the international experts who presented at the workshop felt that the workshop was well structured, well organized and covered all core CCS areas well. A list of potential future options for continuing CCS capacity building in Viet Nam is provided in this report.

Initially, it was planned that this APEC project would comprise two additional workshops, namely in Thailand and another APEC economy in southeast Asia. However, due to scheduling issues these workshops had to be cancelled in March, 2012.

In early April 2012, APEC decided instead to support a CCS workshop in Mexico City, based on a request from the Federal Electricity Commission (CFE), which had been considering to hold CCS capacity building workshops aimed at university students. The workshop in Mexico City was much pedagogical in nature than the workshop in Viet Nam and focused on providing detailed technical information on the storage of CO2 to undergraduate students in the geological sciences.

ICF and APEC helped organize the agenda and invited speakers for the workshop, and CFE arranged the logistics. No additional changes were made to the Training Modules, but additional reference materials were added to the course package for the participants.

The workshop was held in Mexico City in an auditorium of CFE's Technology Museum. The workshop was moderated and facilitated by CFE staff, who played a key role in ensuring the success of the workshop. The first day of the workshop covered the basics of CCS and CO2 storage, including background information on climate change and the role of CCS, fundamentals of storage, site selection, capacity assessment, and the scientific basis of CCS. The second day of the workshop started with a discussion of risk assessment and monitoring and verification aspects of CO2 storage, and then examined the relevance of CCS as it relates to enhanced oil recovery (EOR) in Mexico. At the end of the workshop, a focus group of CFE, Global CCS Institute, ICF, APEC, and professors from various Mexican universities held a meeting to develop a consensus and action plan for introducing CCS into the university curriculum in Mexico.

The workshop was attended by more than 220 people, including, students, professors, CFE staff, policy makers, scientists, etc. The focus group on the second day was attended by about 22 participants, including many university professors.