5 Conclusion

The Phase V workshops in Viet Nam and Mexico were successful in enhancing the CCS-related capacity in both of the countries.

The Mexico workshop, in particular, is an important contribution to the understanding of Carbon Capture and Storage in Mexico. It shows how an economy that is deeply interested in CCS can help build the demand for knowledge among its educational institutions, and how APEC can meet this demand through its capacity building activities. The workshop is an indication of how APEC can engage with educational institutions and policy makers globally to support CCS development.

Pilot projects and involvement of oil and gas industries are necessary for continued interest in CCS in APEC developing countries. The workshops have shown that there is pent-up demand for more such workshops, and these workshops will be successful if they are well coordinated with local institutions.

APEC's training modules and capacity building activities have played an important role in supporting the buildup of capacity in the developing countries, and APEC needs to continue to engage with ADB, Global CCS Institute, CSLF, IEA, and other agencies to synergistically promote CCS knowledge and development.