Appendix N: Reference list

CO2 – market and general

Global CCS Institute, 2011, The Global Status of CCS: 2010, Canberra, Australia

Gobina, E 2004, Business Opportunity Report – Carbon Dioxide Utilisation and Recovery, Business Communications Co. Inc., Connecticut USA.

Herzog, H, Drake, E & Adams, E 1997, DOE Report: CO2Capture, Reuse, and Storage Technologies for Mitigating Global Climate Change, MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

International Energy Agency – Developing Country Roundtable Summaries, viewed August 2010,

International Energy Agency, IEA/CSLF Report to the Muskoka G8 Summit: Carbon Capture and Storage – Progress and Next Steps, OECD/IEA 2010

IPCC, 2005: IPCC Special Report on Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage. Prepared by Working Group III of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Metz, B., O. Davidson, H. C. de Coninck, M. Loos, and L. A. Meyer (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, 442 pp.

Rubin, ES, Yeh, S, Antes, M, Berkenpas, M & Davison, J 2007, ‘Use of experience curves to estimate the future cost of power plants with CO2 capture’, International Journal of Greenhouse Control, vol. 1, pp. 188–197.

Suresh, B, Schlag, S & Kumamoto, T 2010, CEH Marketing Research Report – Carbon Dioxide, SRI Consulting, USA.

US Department of Energy: Carbon Capture Research 2010, viewed July-September 2010, <>

Worley Parsons, 2011, ‘Economic assessment of carbon capture and storage technologies: 2011 update’, report commissioned by the Global CCS Institute, Canberra Australia, in press.

Xu, Y, Isom, L & Hanna, MA 2010 ‘Adding value to carbon dioxide from ethanol fermentation’, Bioresource Technology, vol. 101, pp. 3311–3319.


A2BE Carbon Capture News, viewed 18 May 2010,

Cambell, PK, Beer, T & Batten, D 2009, ‘Greenhouse Gas Sequestration by Algae – Energy and Greenhouse Gas Life Cycle Studies’, Transport Biofuels Stream, CSIRO Energy Transformed Flagship, Melbourne, Australia.

Emerging Markets, 2008, Biodiesel 2020: Global market survey: Feedstock, Trends and Forecasts – Summary, viewed 2010, <>

Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations 2009, ALGAE-BASED BIOFUELS: A Review of Challenges and Opportunities for Developing Countries, FAO, Rome, Italy.

MBD Energy Ltd 2010, Presentation: CO2 to energy, MBD Energy Ltd, East Melbourne.

MBD Energy Ltd 2010, viewed May/June 2010, <>

Bauxite residue carbonation

Cardile, CM, inventor; filed 5 February 1993, Process for the treatment of red mud, International Patent Application No. WO 93/16003.

Cooling, DJ, Hay, PS & Guilfoyle, LM, inventors; 25 August 2005, Treatment of Alkaline Bayer Process Residues, International Patent No. WO 2005/077830 A1.

Cooling, DJ 2007, Improving the Sustainability of Residue Management Practices – Alcoa World Alumina Australia, Alcoa World Alumina Australia, Australia.

Jones, G, Joshi, G, Clark, M & McConchie, D 2006, ‘Carbon Capture and the Aluminium Industry: Preliminary Studies’, Environmental Chemistry, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 297–303.

URS Australia Pty Ltd 2010, Report: Bauxite Residue (Alkaloam®) Sustainability Assessment: Technical, Community Consultation, Benefit-Cost and Risk Assessment, Centre for Sustainable Resource Processing, Bentley, WA.


CO2 Norway 2005, Is CO2 for Enhanced Oil Recovery Market Driven?, viewed 2010, <>d=130&Cid=31>

DOE, ‘Fact Sheet: CO 2 Enhanced Oil Recovery’, DOE Office of Petroleum Reserves – Strategic Unconventional Fuels, USA.

Enhanced Oil Recovery Institute 2007, Presentation to the Joint Minerals and Economic Development Committee, 26 September, 2007, Enhanced Oil Recovery Institute, Wyoming

Morales, A 2009, ‘Saudi Arabia plans Enhanced Oil Recovery Project in Ghawar’, Bloomberg, October 13

Rødningsby, A 2010, ‘Japan-China EOR project’, Zero, 5 March

Sharman, H 2004, ‘CO2 Based EOR Projects –Potential, Difficulties and Opportunities’, paper presented at OPEC Secretariat, Vienna, 8th-9th June 2004

Tzimas, E Georgakaki, A Garcia Cortes, C Peteves, SD, 2005 Enhanced Oil Recovery using Carbon Dioxide in the European Energy System, Institute for Energy, Petten, the Netherlands

Vargas, KJ 2009 ‘Upgrade optimises Weyburn tank vapour recovery, pressure relief’, Oil and Gas Journal, Dec 14 2009, pp. 40–46.

Wilson, M & Monea, M 2004, ‘IEA GHG Weyburn CO2 Monitoring and Storage Project Summary Report 2000–2004’, paper presented at the 7th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, Vancouver, Canada, 2004.

World Resources Institute, CO2-Enhanced Oil Recovery, viewed June 2010, <>


Alberta Research Council 2007, Development of China’s Coalbed Methane Technology/CO2Sequestration Project, Alberta, Canada.

Byrer, CW, & Guthrie, HD 1999, ‘Appalachian coals: Potential reservoirs for sequestering carbon dioxide emissions from power plants while enhancing CBM production’, Proceedings of the 1999 International Coal-bed Methane Symposium, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, pp. 319–327.

CSL Forum 2005, Enhanced Coal-bed Methane Recovery Project in Alberta, Canada (2005), Alberta Research Council, viewed 17 June 2010,

EPA 2002, Enhanced CBM/CMM Recovery (2002), viewed 16 June 2010,

Hamelinck, CN, Faaij, AP, Turkenburg, CWC, van Bergen, F, Pagnier, HJM, Barzandji, OHM, Wolf, K-HAA & Ruijg, GJ (2002), ‘CO2 enhanced coal-bed methane production in the Netherlands’, Energy, vol. 27, issue 7, pp. 647–674.

Hernandez, GA (SPE), Bello, RO (SPE), McVay, DA (SPE) & Ayers, WB (SPE), Texas A&M U; Rushing, JA (SPE), Ruhl, Hoffmann, SK & MF, Anadarko Petroleum Corp.; Ramazanova, RI (SPE), Texas A&M U (2006), ‘Evaluation of the Technical and Economic Feasibility of CO2 Sequestration and Enhanced Coal-bed-Methane Recovery in Texas Low-Rank Coals’, Society of Petroleum Engineers.

Hongguan, Y. Guangzhu, Z. Weitang, F. Jianping Y. (2007), ‘Predicted CO2 enhanced coal-bed methane recovery and CO2 sequestration in China’, International Journal of Coal Geology, Vol. 71, issue 2-3, pp. 345–357.

Massarotto, P Rudolph, V Golding S 2005, ‘Technical and economic factors in applying the enhanced coal bed methane recovery process’, Paper, University of Queensland

Reeves, S, Taillefert, A & Pekot, L 2002, The Allison Unit CO2– ECBM Pilot: A Reservoir Modelling Study, Advanced Resources International, Houston, TX, USA.

Reeves, S & Oudinot, A 2005, ‘The Allison Unit CO2-ECBM Pilot – A Reservoir and Economic Analysis’, paper presented at the 2005 International Coalbed Methane Symposium.

Stevens, SH, Schoeling, L, & Pekot, L 1999, ‘CO2 injection for enhanced coal-bed methane recovery: Project screening and design’, Proceedings of the 1999 International Coal-bed Methane Symposium, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, pp 309–317.


OCAP CO2 vof, OCAP UK Factsheet, OCAP, Netherlands.

Liquid fuels

Aasberg-Petersen, K, Stub Nieslen, C, Dybkjaer, I & Perregaard, J 2008, Large Scale Methanol Production from Natural Gas, Haldor Topsoe.

Al-Musabbeh, A, Al-Shammari, SM 2006, Enhancing Methanol Production by CO2Injection, Saudi Methanol Co, Jubail, Saudi Arabia.

Carbon Recycling International 2010, viewed May/June 2010,

Carbon Sciences Inc. 2010, viewed May/June 2010,

Devroe, EJ, Berry, DA, Afeyan, NB, Robertson, DE, Skraly, FA & Ridley, CP, inventors; filed 10 September 2008, Engineered Light-Harvesting Organisms, US Patent Application No. US 2009/0191599 A1.

Dolan, G 2008, ‘China takes gold in methanol fuel’, Journal of Energy Security, 6 October

Hussain, T & Hasib-ur-Rahman, M 2009, ‘Nano Catalyst for CO2 Conversion to Hydrocarbons’, Journal of Nano Systems & Technology, vol. 1, no. 1 pp. 1–9.

Joule Unlimited Inc. 2010, viewed May/June 2010,

Journal of Nano Systems & Technology, Vol. 1, No. 1, viewed October. 2009,

Mantra Venture Group 2010, viewed May/June 2010,

Olah, GA & Prakash, GKS, inventors; filed 10 July 2009, Producing methanol and its products exclusively from geothermal sources and their energy, US Patent Application No. US 2010/002671 A1.

Rockstraw, D 2009, The Modern Methanol Industry, New Mexico State University, New Mexico, USA.

Shulenberger, AM, Jonnson, FR, Ingolfsson, O & Tran, KC, inventors; filed 20 March 2007, Process for producing liquid fuel from carbon dioxide and water, US Patent Application No. US 2007/0244208 A1.

Sandia National Laboratories 2008, Sunshine to Petrol – CR5 Factsheet, National Nuclear Security Administration, USA.

Simbolotti, G 2007, IEA Energy Technology Essentials: Hydrogen Production and Distribution, International Energy Agency.

Specht, M & Bandi, A, ‘The Methanol-Cycle – Sustainable Supply of Liquid Fuels’, Center of Solar Energy and Hydrogen Research, Stuttgart.

Mineral carbonation

Calera 2010, Basics of the Calera Process, Calera, California, USA.

Calera 2010, viewed May/June 2010,

Carbon Sense Solutions 2010, viewed May/June 2010.

Chun, YM Naik TR Kraus, RN 2007, ‘Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Concrete in Different Curing Environments’, paper presented at the International Conference on Sustainable Construction Materials and Technologies, Coventry, UK, June 2007.

Geyer, R, Del Maestro, C & Rohloff, A 2008, March Draft Progress Report: Greenhouse Gas Footprint Analysis of the Calera Process, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA.

Herzog, H 2002, ‘Carbon sequestration via mineral carbonation: overview and assessment’, MIT Laboratory for Energy and the Environment, Cambridge (MA), USA

Hunwick, RJ 2009 ‘A new, integrated, approach to mineralisation-based CCS’ Modern Power Systems, Vol 29 (11), p. 25–28

Russian Metallurgy and World, Global cement production in 2009, viewed November 2010, <

Scientific American 2008, Cement from CO2: A concrete Cure for Global Warming?, viewed 10 June 2010, <>

Shao, Y Monkman, S Boyd, AJ 2010, ‘Recyling carbon dioxide into concrete: a feasibility study’, 2010 Concrete Sustainability Conference, Tempe, Arizona, April 13–15

Shi, C Wu, Y 2009, ‘CO2 curing of concrete blocks’, Concrete International, vol, 31, no.2

Skyonic 2010, viewed May/June 2010, <>

Zevenhoven, R Teir, S Eloneva, S, Aatos, S Sorjonen-Ward, P. ‘CO2 sequestration by carbonation of minerals and industrial by-products in Finland’ Proc. of R’07, Davos (Switzerland), Sept. 3-5, 2007. paper 72

Polymers and chemicals

Aresta, M & Dibenedetto, A 2007, ‘Utilisation of CO2 as a chemical feedstock: opportunities and challenges’, Dalton Transactions, 2007, pp. 2975–2992.

Creutz, C & Fujita, E 2001, ‘Carbon Dioxide as a Feedstock’, Carbon Management: Implications for R and D in the Chemical Sciences and Technology (A Workshop Report to the Chemical Sciences Roundtable), National Academy of Sciences, USA.

GBI Research, 2010, ‘The future of LDEP, Market Forecasts and Growth Trends to 2020’, PR Inside, 7 June

Novomer, 2010, Novomer website, viewed 2010, <>

Richardson, T, Duranceua, SJ, Laliberte, D & Dehler, GR 1995, ‘Full-Scale Implementation of a Carbonic Acid Aeration System for Hydrogen Sulfide Removal’, Florida Water Resources Journal, December Vol., pp. 23–30.

Power generation and HFR

Burns, KL Weber, C Perry, J Harrington, HJ 2000, ‘Status of the Geothermal Industry in Australia’, Proceedings of the World Geothermal Congress 2000, Kyushu-Tohoku, Japan.

Dostal, V, Driscoll, MJ & Hejzlar, P 2004, A Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Cycle for Next Generation Nuclear Reactors, Advanced Nuclear Power Technology Program, USA.

Geodynamics Lt 2010, viewed May/June 2010, <>

Gurgenci, H 2008 ‘Queensland Geothermal Centre of Excellence – Research Program’, Presentation, University of Queensland

Kubik, M (ed.) 2006, The future of geothermal energy: Impact of Enhanced Geothermal Systems on the United States in the 21st Century, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Massachusetts, USA

Pruess, K & Azaroual, M 2006, ‘On the feasibility of using supercritical CO2 as heat transmission fluid in an engineered hot dry rock geothermal system’, Proceedings of the Thirty-First Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California, January 30-February 1, 2006.

UQ Geothermal Centre of Excellence 2010, viewed May/June 2010, <>


Heffer, P & Prud’homme, M 2009, Fertilizer Outlook 2009–2013, International Fertilizer Industry Association (IFA), Paris, France.

International Fertilizer Association 2010, viewed May/June 2010, <>

Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd 2006, ‘Mitsubishi CO2 Recovery Technology from Flue Gas’, paper presented at the 9th International CO2 Capture Network Conference, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd 2008, ‘Mitsubishi’s carbon capture Technology’, Carbon Capture Journal, January-February 2008, pp. 24–26.

United Nations Environment Programme 1996, Technical Report No. 26 Part 1: The Fertilizer Industry’s Manufacturing Processes and Environmental Issues, United Nations Environment Programme, Paris, France.


Frick, S, Kaltschmitt, M & Schröder, G 2010 ‘Life cycle assessment of geothermal binary power plants using enhanced low-temperature reservoirs’, Energy, vol. 35 no. 5, pp. 2281–2294.

Kjellsen, KO, Guimaraes, M & Nillson, A 2005, The CO2Balance of Concrete in a Life Cycle Perspective, Nordic Innovation Centre, Oslo, Norway.

Marceau, ML, Nisbet, MA & VanGeem, MG 2007, Life Cycle Inventory of Portland Cement Concrete, Portland Cement Association, Illinois, USA.

Odeh, NA, Cockerill, TT 2008 ‘Life cycle GHG assessment of fossil fuel power plants with carbon capture and storage’, Energy Policy, vol. 36, pp. 367–380.